The Korean Peninsula lies in the northeastern part of the Asian continent. It is located between 33 degrees and 43 degrees in Northern Latitude, and 124 degrees and 132 degrees in Eastern Longitude. The Korean peninsula is roughly 1,030 km (612 miles) long and 175 km (105 miles) wide at its narrowest point. Korea's total land area is 100,140 sq km, and it has a population of 48.7 million people (2009). Korea is a very valuable piece of land and an international hub of Asia.

Korea's climate is regarded as a continental climate from a temperate standpoint and a monsoonal climate from a precipitation standpoint. The climate of Korea is characterized by four distinct seasons: spring, summer, Autumn, and winter.

Spring lasts from late March to May and is warm. Various flowers, including the picturesque cherry blossom, cover the nation's mountains and fields during this time.

Summer lasts from June to early September. It is a hot and humid time of the year.

Autumn lasts from September to November, and produces mild weather. It is the best season for visiting Korea.

Winter lasts from December to mid-March. It can be bitterly cold during this time due to the influx of cold Siberian air. Heavy snow in the northern and eastern parts of Korea makes favorable skiing conditions


Pride of Korea

Hangeul (The Korean alphabet)
Hangeul was invented by King Sejong in 1446 with assistance from some scholars to give the people an alphabet that was easy to read and write. Throughout the world, there are some 3,000 spoken languages but roughly only 100 alphabets. Among these, only hangeul was systematically invented without influence from any other language. There also haven't been any other books published by its creators to explain the scientific principles employed or the background to communicate information in the exact manner in which they had intended. For this reason alone, linguists from around the world hold hangeul with very high regard. It also explains why UNESCO included hangeul on its list of Memory of the World Heritage in October 1997.

Hanbok (Traditional Korean Clothing)
More than three decades ago, hanbok, a traditional form of Korean clothing, was very much a part of every Korean's wardrobe. Like all clothing, hanbok also changed over the years with fluctuating fashion trends. Hanbok designs underwent many changes throughout Korea's turbulent history. The hanbok we wear today are reminiscent of the late Joseon Dynasty (early 20th century). In traditional hanbok design, curved features are important. As they are not meant to be tight fitting, the inherent beauty of hanbok is apparent in its elegance and style created by the abundance of material. The curves and vibrant colours of hanbok have had a significant impact on the Korean fashion industry.
Hanok (Traditional Korean House)
Hanok, traditional Korean houses, are environment-friendly establishments as they are built with materials readily available in nature, such as wood, earth, stone, straw, clay (for ceramic roof tiles), and paper. The two major types of hanok are giwajip (houses with tiled roofs) occupied by the nobility and chogajip (houses with straw-thatched roofs) inhabited by the peasantry. The most distinctive difference between these two types of houses is the roof. As suggested by their names, the giwajip is covered with tiles called giwa. Such houses were expensive and not considered affordable by the common people. A chogajip has a straw-thatched roof, which was a bountiful by-product of rice cultivation. Although the chogajip is a rare sight today, some Koreans still live in giwajip.