2nd International Cancer Control Congress
About Brazil

Brazil is the largest country in Latin America. It spreads across almost half (47.3%) of South America, and occupies a total area of 8,547,403.5 km2. It is the fifth largest country in the world after Canada, the Russian Federation, China and the United States. Except for a small number of islands, Brazil is a single and continuous land mass. The Equator passes through the northern region, near Macapá, and the Tropic of Capricorn cuts through the south of the country, near São Paulo. Brazil’s east to west extension (4,319.4 km) is almost equivalent to its north to south distance (4,394.7 km). The country borders French Guiana, Suriname, Guiana, Venezuela and Colombia, to the north; Uruguay and Argentina, to the south; and Paraguay, Bolivia and Peru, to the west. Ecuador and Chile are the only two countries on the South American continent that do not border Brazil. The Atlantic Ocean extends along the country’s entire eastern coast, providing 7,367 km of coastline.

Language

[photo]The official language is Portuguese; however, the accent and the intonation are very different from what one hears in Portugal and other former Portuguese colonies. Some people say that Brazilians speak “Brazilian”, just like Americans can say they speak “American”, and not English. And there are also many Brazilians who are descendants of immigrants and who speak German and Italian, especially in cities in southern Brazil.

Brazil – a country that greets visitors with a huge smile

The mix of races has made Brazil a culturally rich and at the same time unique country. This miscegenation began with the Indian, the African and the Portuguese, but in a short time, immigrants from around the world began to arrive: Europeans, Asians, Jews and Arabs. The result was a happy people, open to everything new, a people only found in Brazil.

Because of this tremendous diversity, Brazil is one of the last places on earth where no one is a foreigner, where one can change one’s destiny without losing one’s identity and where each and every Brazilian has a little of the entire world in his or her blood. This may be the reason the Brazilian receives anyone from another land so well. According to surveys carried out with foreign tourists who visited the country, 97.2% intend to return soon; 56.5% had their expectations completely satisfied; and, for 31.7%, their expectations were completely exceeded. As you can see, those who come to Brazil become fans on the first visit.

Find out more about Brazil by navigating through our site. Or better yet: visit the country in person and feel for yourself the happiness and enthusiasm of our people.

Brazilian democracy

Brazil has been a republic since 1889. Throughout this entire period, the country actually lived little more than thirty years of democracy (1946-1964 and from 1985 to the present). Nevertheless, it is one of the most democratic nations on earth. Brazilian democracy, which was won back after 21 years of a military dictatorship, proved to be vigorous and became an important part of the life of its people.

The National Congress has been operating like clockwork for 175 years. In the entire history of the country, only on three occasions did the elected representatives not complete their terms. The strength of the Congress is actually so great that not even the military dictatorship of the 1960s could do without it. There have been national elections in Brazil since 1823. And these elections have been open to voters in a manner almost unheard of even for European democracy standards.

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro is a privileged State in many aspects. To begin with, it has a varied geography that hides veritable paradises along the seashore as well as in its mountains. It is also one of the most industrialized cities in Brazil; creating a dispute among the foreign companies that yearn to implement their factories in the Brazilian State that holds the title of largest oil producer in the country.  

The State of Rio de Janeiro is located in the Brazilian Southeast and occupies an area of 43,635 square kilometers. Its capital is tenderly called the “Marvelous City”. Once the federal capital, the city of Rio de Janeiro is the most famous destination in Brazil from overseas.

Among the countless attractions around the interior of the State there are beach resorts and mountains spas. The coastal cities receive the largest number of visitors on weekends and in the summer, which is between the months of December and March; all in search of beautiful beaches and good waves that the waters of this State offer in abundance.

Following the State’s coast, we pass through the delicious beaches of townships like Parati, Angra dos Reis, Niterói, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, Búzios, Rio das Ostras and Macaé.

Heading into the interior of the State, it is also possible to find cozy farmhouses and small farms when we penetrate the Serra do Mar, such as in Petrópolis, Teresópolis and Nova Friburgo; and in the Itatiaia massif there is also Penedo, Itatiaia and Visconde de Mauá.

However, the city of Rio de Janeiro is the main tourist center for the State and for Brazil. Some of its most famous sites are the Sugar Loaf and Corcovado – from where Christ the Redeemer blesses the city - which have become symbols for the country all around the world. Other locations that call a lot of attention for tourists are the Forest Parks, such as the Pedra Branca and the Tijuca – the two largest urban green areas in the world – the Guanabara Bay islands, the churches, the sport complexes, the samba school courts, among many others.

But the highlights are definitely up to the State's beaches, which besides providing delicious fun, are also famous for the good wave formations, attracting countless surfers from all over the country and the world. In the city of Rio de Janeiro, the best waves are found on the Arpoador, Barra-Meio, Macumba-Pontal, Prainha and Grumari beaches.

The State of Rio de Janeiro is waiting for you not only with the city, but also with its mountains, beaches and wonderful waves. Come on, you’ll become a fan!

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